Building Inspection Checklist: What to Look for Before buying a property

Buying a property is a significant investment, and conducting a thorough building inspection is essential to ensure you are making an informed decision. To assist you in this process, we have compiled a comprehensive checklist of important areas and factors to consider during a building inspection. By examining both the interior and exterior elements of the property, you can assess its overall condition, identify potential issues, and make a well-informed purchase. In this blog, we’ll go through building inspection checklist to get the clear image of what to look for before buying a property. 

Structural Integrity:

  • Examine the foundation for cracks, bulges, or signs of movement. 
  • Check for sagging or uneven floors, which may indicate structural problems. 
  • Inspect walls and ceilings for cracks, water stains, or signs of settling. 

Electrical Systems: 


  • Check for water leaks or damage in bathrooms, kitchens, and around plumbing fixtures. 
  • Test faucets, showers, and toilets for proper water flow and drainage. 
  • Inspect pipes for signs of corrosion, leaks, or inadequate insulation. 
  • Examine the roof for missing or damaged shingles, tiles, or flashing. 
  • Check for signs of water damage, such as stains or mold, in the attic or ceilings. 
  • Assess the condition of gutters, downspouts, and drainage systems
Insulation and Ventilation:
  • Check the insulation levels in the attic, walls, and floors for adequate energy efficiency. 
  • Inspect ventilation systems, including exhaust fans and air vents, to ensure proper airflow. 
  • Look for signs of moisture or condensation that may indicate insufficient ventilation. 
Windows and Doors:
  • Test windows and doors to ensure they open, close, and lock properly. 
  • Check for drafts or air leaks around windows and doors. 
  • Inspect the condition of window frames and glass for cracks or damage. 

Pest Infestations:

  • Look for signs of pest activity, such as droppings, nests, or chewed wood. 
  • Inspect for termite damage, especially in wooden structures and hidden areas. 
  • Consider scheduling a professional pest inspection for a comprehensive assessment. 

Exterior Elements:

  • Evaluate the condition of the siding, brickwork, or stucco for cracks or deterioration. 
  • Check fences, decks, or patios for signs of rot, instability, or damage. 
  • Assess the overall condition of the landscaping, including drainage and potential erosion issues. 

Heating and Cooling Systems:

  • Test the functionality of heating and cooling systems, including furnaces, air conditioners, and thermostats. 
  • Inspect ventilation ducts for cleanliness and proper insulation. 
  • Consider the age and efficiency of the systems and evaluate if they meet your needs. 

Safety Features:

    • Check the presence and functionality of smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, and fire extinguishers. 
    • Evaluate the condition and accessibility of emergency exits and fire escape routes. 


  • By following this building inspection checklist, you can ensure a thorough evaluation of a property before making a purchase. It is always recommended to hire a professional building inspector to conduct a comprehensive assessment. Their expertise and attention to detail can provide you with valuable insights into the condition of the property, identify potential issues, and help you make an informed decision. Remember, a careful inspection can save you from unexpected expenses and future headaches, ensuring your new property meets your expectations and serves as a safe and comfortable home.